What are the 7 Chakras in our body – Guide for beginners

Yoga is a practice to unite yourself with the universe, and every part of your life, your personal and professional life, your every social attachment is a part of this universe.

Thus Yoga may be considered as a bridge between you and your life.

From the ancient age Indian yogis have been using the yogic procedure to achieve their ultimate goal, to be united with God or Bhamha.

As a common people today we can use that spiritual practice to overcome stress, anxiety, digital haphazard and misbalances of life. 

What is Chakra

As the invention of the wheel mobilized the Journey of civilization, our ancient sages considered chakras to voyage our consciousness through the ultimate knowledge.

Chakra, the word derived from Sanskrit means rounding ‘wheel’ or ‘disk’.

The Chakras always are into every human body, but due to their mystic existence dissection of a body could not open any chakras in front of your eyes, it is a subject of ascetic view.

Chakras are parts of our subtle body and they are the fundamental sources of our Psychic Energy or Atmik Shakti.

Chakras are imagined in the form of a lotus.

The number of the petals of a particular lotus depends on the circulation times of Yogi’s consciousness on that chakra and every chakra has a separate mantra.

Construction and Number of Chakras

Construction and Number of Chakras

Chakras are constructed with nadis.

Like Chakra, Nadi is also a Sanskrit word, which means ‘flow’ or ‘motion’.

When three nadis meet together and a triangle is formed, called chakra.

Approximately, we have 72000 nadis in our subtle body.

Sushumna is the master of them.

Actually 114 energy circle or chakras are in our body, within them six are potential.

Flowing through the coccyx region to the ultimate point of brain, brahmma randha Sushumna has formed these major chakras.

To form the chakras Sushumna meets with two other most important nadis, Ida( the moon) and Pingala (the Sun).

Ira and Pingala cross together from the opposite direction in every meeting point and Sushumna becomes the axis of this meeting.

Potential Chakras of a Human Body

Chakras of a Human Body
  1. Root or Muladhara Chakra
  2. Sacral or Svadhishthana Chakra
  3. Solar Plexus or  Manipura Chakra
  4.  Heart or Anahata Chakra
  5. Throat or Vishuddha Chakra
  6. Third Eye or Ajna Chakra
  7. Crown or Sahasrara Chakra

Relation between Yoga and Chakra

The basic aim of a Yogi is a journey through mortality to eternity, on the way of self-realization.

In a common man, all chakras are in sleeping mode except Muladhara Chakra.

In a semi-sleeping mode Muladhara chakra controls our life; otherwise, there would be no difference between a man and a beast.

A Yogi should always try to raise his Kundalini Shakti or spiritual energy from the Muladhara chakra and try to uplift it towards Sahasrara Chakra, in this way with the help of other chakras he makes a channel for the flowing of energy.

Importance of chakras to a common man

By corresponding with the nerve centers, on the way of Yogic Practice different chakras are working scientifically on different aspects of a human life- physical, mental and spiritual.

With the help of these chakras, our brain controls our major organs.

So except spirituality for a good mental and physical health these chakras are playing an important role in our life.

Brief Ideas on the Major Chakras in Human Body

1. Muladhara Chakra:



Muladhara Chakra is located in the Coccyx region, the lower end of the spinal column.    


The symbol of Muladhara Chakra is a red lotus with four petals, which represents- ego, consciousness, intellect and mind. 

On the other way, an elephant with seven trunks is also known as the symbol of Muladhara Chakra, where the seven trunks represent seven various consciousnesses.

Colour Red

Mantra: LAM


Mula means root and Adhara mean foundation, so it is easy to understand that Muladhara chakra nourishes our life as the roots of a plant.

It separates human from another animal on the way of consciousness, the karmas of a man from their past lives is resting here.

An active Muladhara is the center of creativity and hidden abilities.


Muladhara Chakra is the basic Point, where spiritual development or arising of Kundalini Shakti begins.

In a common man Muladhara Chakra works in a semi-sleeping mode and by the Yogic practice when it becomes active then by the arising of the spiritual energy or Kundalini Shakti, we get relief from excessive desire, anger, harmful passion and we feel our life in a new way- full of love, freedom and harmony, we can understand what is self-realization.

2. Svadhishthana Chakra:

Svadhishthana Chakra


Its position about 2.9-3.1 cm above the Muladhara Chakra, just between the coccyx and the sacrum region.       


The symbol of Svadhisthana Chakra is a lotus with 6 Petals, which represent anger, hate, greed, jealousy, cruelty, and laziness the most six obstacles for self-development.

Representing the lethargies a crocodile is also used as the symbol of this.

Colour Orange

Mantra: VAM


Sva means Self and Adhisthana means to seat, so Svadhisthana Chakra represents the self-position of a man in his life.

Before the present materialistic age, this Chakra was the point of  Kundalini Shakti.

Now, our weaknesses like anger, greed, jealousy took shelter here and kundalini shakti sunk down to Muladhara Chakra.

With this, the level of our consciousness became subconscious here. But an opportunity is also stored here to control our basic instinct and develop our psyche to the subconscious to the conscious level.


Muladhara Chakra is considered as the storeroom of our previous lives karmas.

Now working house of those karmas is the Svadhishthana Chakra, from where our destiny becomes active. 

Concentrating on Svadhishthana Chakra we would be able to understand that not any external force or surrounding circumstances, just we are own, the self creator of our fate. 

A purified and active  Svadhishthana Chakra gives us endless joy, hope and self-confidence. 

3. Manipura Chakra:

Manipura Chakra


The location of Manipura Chakra is on the spinal column, behind the naval in the middle of the abdomen.


A ten petals lotus is used as the symbol of the Manipura Chakra, where the ten petals indicate ten Pranas of human body, sometimes an inverted triangle is used as the symbol of this Chakra.

Colour Yellow

Mantra: RAM


Mani means gems and Pura means City, so Manipura Chakra or the city of gems is the right place to find the jewels of human life- wisdom, confidence, love and peace.

This chakra also glitters like a diamond and its emitting power shines up to the lower and upper chakras- Muladhara to Anahata chakras.

After passing the unconscious level of thinking of the Muladhara Chakra and subconscious level at Svadhisthana Chakra our consciousness achieves a new higher stage at Manipura Chakra.


Manipura Chakra has a great contribution to our spiritual and physical pathways.

The Chakra is directly connected to our Pancreas Gland and in this way, it controls the energy balance of our body and mobilized our digestive system.

We often call ‘love from my heart’ or this way, the love is actually generated in Manipura chakra and then it flows to the Anahata Chakra, and that heart is not physical at all. By adoring the Manipura Chakra passion changes to love, prejudice turns to respect, repugnance to appreciation.

We become conjugate with others and the world becomes more beautiful to us when our Manipura chakra is active.

4. Anahata Chakra:

Anahata Chakra


In the region of the heart, at the center of the chest Anahata Chakra is located.


A twelve petals lotus is used as the symbol of Anahata Chakra and the twelve petals indicate twelve features of the human heart.  

Colour Sky Blue

Mantra: YAM


Anahata means unlimited. The Atma is our true self, is located in the Anahata Chakra, and this Atma is a part of the God, the unchanging infinite Consciousness.

Therefore the chakra is called Anahata or unlimited. Also, we get unlimited heartily things like joy, love, Peace, Patience, kindness, compassion, bliss, forgiveness, understanding, purity, clarity, and patience from Anahata Chakra.

So there is no doubt to say that the Anahata is a prosperous and most beautiful Chakra in the circle.

About Anahata, Chakra Upanisada says that-

“In the center of the body, there is a little shrine surrounded by a wall with eleven doors. Hidden within the shrine a Lotus blossom, and within this, there is a tiny, little room.”


An active Anahata Chakra compels us to stop in the journey towards unlimited consciousness by its charming feelings delightful visions and mystic fantasies.

The endless sound of the universe could have listened in the Anahata Chakra, the subtle rhythmic melody is like ‘SO…HAM’ ‘SO…HAM’ ‘SO…HAM’… and it is similar to a heartbeat but not a physical sound like that.

If we translate the ‘SO…HAM’ sound in the Sanskrit language we get two different words like ‘Sa’ means ‘he’ or ‘that’ and ‘Aham’ means absolute ‘I’.  

SO…HAM’ means ‘I am He’ or ‘that I am’.

Therefore, an open Anahata Chakra gives us a notice that we are part of this Universe, we are not alone, and loneliness is just a rapper or our physical life.

5. Vishuddhi Chakra:

Vishuddhi Chakra


The Vishuddhi Chakra is located at our Throat in the vicinity of the Larynx.


A lotus with 16 petals which represent the 16 vowels of Sanskrit language is the symbol of Vishuddhi Chakra.

Sometimes a white elephant symbol of pure wisdom represents the Vishuddhi Chakra.

Colour Blue or Violet

Mantra: HAM


Vishuddhi means purification, so it is easy to understand that Vishudha Chakra is a Chakra of filtration. 

Vishuddhi Chakra is the center for the distillation of our physical and spiritual extracts. 

If we are able to raise any problems into the Vishuddhi Chakra we could push them back into our subconscious mind or we could throw it out from ourselves. 


For the purification and balancing the Vishuddhi Chakra depends on conscious regulated breathing called Pranayama. 

To make our physical and spiritual pathway clear this Pranayama has great importance. 

With the power of Pranayama, Vishuddhi Chakra purifies and balances our thoughts, emotions, consciousness and subconscious mind.

With these various toxic substances are removed from our bodies by the Vishuddhi Chakra.  

6. Agya Chakra:

Agya Chakra


It is a point between the eyebrows, at the upper end of the spinal column.


Shiva and Shakti, consisting of two divine power, a two petals lotus is used as the symbol of Agya Chakra.

As we have seen before there is no more animal sign because overcoming animalism a man is able to reach Agya Chakra.

Colour White

Mantra: OM


Agya means placing an order or getting permission.

At the Agya Chakra completing our development of wisdom and we get permission to enter into the divine consciousness. 

We get order or permission from our master or “Guru”, therefore doing this job Agya Chakra is also known as Guru Chakra, where the master is located.

The radiation from Agya Chakra at first we feel in the middle of our forehead between the eyebrows.

So it is the reason to call the Agya Chakra as the Eyebrow Centre or Third Eye.


After the activation of Agya Chakra we become capable of understanding ourselves.

Our consciousness stops the run between Muladhara to Vishuddhi Chakra.

Then we are able to control our inner feelings, thoughts, and emotions, arisen from the lower centers.

It was said the Agya Chaka is like a third eye, by opening it all darkness should be destroyed all ill thinking become rootless and we are then preparing for a divine journey.   

7. Sahasrara Chakra:

Sahasrara Chakra


Beneath the Fontanel, at the crown of the head the Sahasrara Chakra is located.


A thousand petals lotus is used as the symbol of Sahasrara Chakra. A thousand petals represent the infinity.

Colour No fixed color

Mantra: OM


The Sahasrara Chakra is the orb of pure consciousness.

It is the center of divine bliss- SAT CIT ANANDA. It is the source of the power that creates thousands of universes, the light which illuminates thousands of suns, the reality of God.

It is without beginning and without end- consequently infinite, which cannot be described by words.    


To reach the Sahasrara Chakra, the stage of divine consciousness at first we have to raise our Anahata Chakra completely.

Then we get the opportunity to be in front of the ‘Door of Brahman’, the Sahasrara Chakra.

By crossing the door we might dip under the ocean of the ultimate knowledge the Brahma Gyana, there one yogi could dive like an eternal swan, called Paramansha and the thousand-petalled lotus unfolds to him.

Here yogi’s self-existence dissolves in God as he unites with the supreme self.


It was said besides spirituality yoga has a lot of benefits in our daily life. We could cure our modern life problems like stress, disease, fat in the Yogic way. For weight loss, we should apply Surya Namaskara and Kapalvati Pranayama. Yoga helps us to improve our immunity and energy level as well as the ability to work. It also works to make our relationship good with others, in family and public. 

But the basic aim of yoga is to get God by the way of self-realization. Where, man’s described as Jivatma’s lifelong striving to unite it source the God described as Paramatma becomes the end. We always try to be happy, but we don’t know what happiness is. Therefore we have to run one desire to another and at last, we become exhausted with loneliness, sadness, bitterness, and fear of death in our shortest life period. Yogis teach us year after year the real happiness lies in the meeting between Jivatma and Paramatma, or Purush and Prakriti or Shiva and Shakti. The Shiva exists in our Sahasrara Chakra and Shakti in Muladhara Chakra; we should try to uplift our energy to eternity by the practice of Yoga.

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